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Dynamic Gain Equalization


Pluggable dynamic gain equalization module with per-channel attenuation. Used for automated power balancing. Compatible with 50 GHz grid.

The Dynamic Gain Equalizer (DGE) module is a high performance, digitally controlled variable gain equalizer. The module equalizes per channel power and thus optimizes the Optical Signalto-Noise Ratio (OSNR) to allow for greater distance reach. Both 40-channel and 80-channel configurations are supported by the EKINOPS PM DGE, and implementation is simple and efficient. The EKINOPS PM DGE was designed to support a wide variety of configurations and when used in conjunction with the EKINOPS PM OPM8 (Optical Power Monitor) the system allows for automatic power balancing, which is critical for mesh or metro applications. Per-channel power dynamic adjustment is already available on EKINOPS ROADM cards; the EKINOPS PM DGE complements ROADM cards for terminal sites, to provide automatic end-to-end channel optimization and OSNR margin improvement.

A Real World Example

The reference network (Figure 1) illustrates how utilizing only two EKINOPS PM DGE modules at established sites within a 20-node, 1520 km (954-mile) span can help equalize per-channel power, improving overall optical performance and achievable distance. The original specifications and design of the network required multiple optical regeneration sites between Site 1 and Site 20. By placing a DGE module at two of the sites, EKINOPS was able to eliminate the need for regen sites. The first DGE module was placed at Site 5, which adjusted for the optical power deviation for traffic coming from Site 20. The second DGE module was placed at Site 7, which, adjusted for accumulated optical power deviation for traffic coming from Site 1.

Ref Network 20 sites 1520Km
Figure 1: Reference Network (20 sites, 1520 Km)

Graph. A represents the ‘Before DGE’ power measurements taken at Site 5 for traffic coming from Site 20 while Graph. B (next page) represents the ‘After DGE’ power measurements at Site 5 for the same traffic. It clearly illustrates that the per-channel optical power is equalized. As a result, there is less of a hit to OSNR for weaker channels and an overall improvement in optical performance and distance.

Graph. A: before DGE / Graph. B: after DGE
Graph. A: before DGE / Graph. B: after DGE


The EKINOPS PM DGE module can be managed through SNMP or via the EKINOPS standard element level management interfaces, which include a Command Line Interface (CLI) and an EKINOPS java-based Graphical User Interface (GUI). The CLI is accessible via Secure Socket Shell (SSH) and Telnet remotely or via a local serial port locally on the management board.

Complete performance monitoring and management are provided, including laser shut off and local and remote loopback, useful for maintenance and fault isolation.

The EKINOPS PM DGE module is also supported by Celestis NMS, the EKINOPS advanced Network Management System.

  • Improves Time-to-Service
  • Achieve Greater Distance
  • Automatic Channel Power Balancing
  • Remote Optical Power Management
  • Non-Traffic Impacting Channel Re-tuning
  • Point to Point, Linear, Ring, Star and Mesh Topologies
  • Cell Tower | Mobile Backhaul
  • Residential Backhaul
  • Metro | Regional | Long Haul Networks


Latest News

  • Colorado’s Selects EKINOPS FlexRate™ Solution

    EKINOPS (Euronext Paris - FR0011466069 – EKI), a leading supplier of optical transport equipment and router solutions for service providers and telecom operators, today announces that, one of Colorado’s largest, independently-owned internet, cloud and communications service providers, has deployed the EKINOPS 200G FlexRate™ solution to provide high bit rate connectivity between two of its major points-of-presence (PoP) in Grand Junction and Montrose. FORETHOUGHT provides wide-ranging advanced communication services throughout Colorado, particularly within rural and underserved areas.

  • EKINOPS announces Q1 2019 revenue: +11% growth

    EKINOPS (Euronext Paris - FR0011466069 – EKI), a leading supplier of telecommunications solutions for telecom operators, has published its revenue for the first quarter of 2019.

  • Discussions with Nokia Corporation discontinued

    Following press reports, EKINOPS (Euronext Paris - FR0011466069 – EKI) had announced on 18 October, 2018, that preliminary discussions with Nokia Corporation had been initiated regarding a possible acquisition of Alcatel Submarine Networks (ASN).


EKINOPS Worldwide

Telephone +33 (0)1 77 71 12 00

Telephone +1 (571) 385-4103



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